Daniel 8:14 Index
"And he said unto me, 'Unto two thousand and three hundred days; then shall the sanctuary be cleansed.'"
Research Material

"...unto two thousand and three hundred days..."

  • TIME PROPHECY: Prophetic time periods appear frequently in Daniel -- such as the seventy weeks (Daniel 9:24), a time, times, and an half (Daniel 7:25; 12:7; Revelation 12:14), the 1290 days (Daniel 12:11) and 1335 days (Daniel 12:12), and the 2300 days (Daniel 8:14) -- and there are paralleling time periods in the Revelation -- the five months, forty and two months (Revelation 11:2; 13:5), a thousand two hundred and threescore days (Revelation 11:3; 12:6), three days and an half (Revelation 11:9; Revelation 11:11) -- These are connected, of course, with definite events and activities, and their beginnings or endings are often marked by significant occurrences. These predicted time periods will be referred to as time prophecies, though they are tied inseparably into, and form a part of, the sequence of events depicted in the grand OUTLINE PROPHECIES. They are the inspired measuring lines of prophecy. They constitute the inspired timetable of the centuries. (Froom 32)
  • In Daniel 7, Daniel saw the reign of the fourth beast and the coming up of the Little Horn. He had been shown as the Little Horn came to its end in 1798, that the judgment would start. In Daniel 8 God is repeating and enlarging the picture. The Little Horn represents Pagan and Papal Rome. Pagan Rome destroyed the Temple in Jerusalem in A.D. 70 taking away the "...daily sacrifices..." (Daniel 8:13), and making the sanctuary "desolate." The question is asked, how long will this go on? and the answer is given "...2,300 days..." (Daniel 8:14). The chapter ends without Daniel understanding the vision. In Daniel 9, while Daniel is praying, the angel Gabriel comes again and explains the vision. (KC 100)
  • The time here involved is specific and definite, but in Daniel 8 no date is indicated for its beginning. However, in Daniel 9 such a date is specifically mentioned (Daniel 9:25). This will be shown to be 457 B.C. From this date as a beginning, the 2300 prophetic years (Daniel 7:25), reach to the year A.D. 1844. (4BC 844)

"...then shall the sanctuary...."

  • Inasmuch as the 2300 years project us far into the Christian Era, the sanctuary cannot refer to the Temple at Jerusalem, which was destroyed in A.D. 70. The sanctuary of the new covenant is clearly the sanctuary in heaven, "which the Lord pitched, and not man" (Hebrews 8:2; GC 411-417). Of this sanctuary Christ is the high priest (Hebrews 8:1). John foresaw a time when special attention would be directed toward "the temple of God, and the altar, and them that worship therein" (Revelation 11:1). The symbols employed by the revelator are strikingly similar to those employed in Daniel 8:11-13. (4BC 844)
  • There can be no question as to the accuracy of the date 457 B.C., as the beginning of the seventy weeks, for it is established by four events: the decree of Artaxeres (Ezra 7:11-26); the baptism of Christ (Mark 1:10); the crucifixion; and the spread of the gospel among the Gentiles (Acts 8:1-4). History establishes the date 457 B.C., as the seventh year of Artaxerxes by more than twenty eclipses (Genesis 1:14). The four hundred and ninety years can be reckoned backward from the New Testament history, or forward from the decree to restore and build Jerusalem. The angel has given the events during the first four hundred and ninety years of the two thousand three hundred days of Daniel 8:14 (Ezekiel 4:6; Numbers 4:34). Eighteen hundred and ten years remains, 2300 - 490 = 1810. The four hundred and ninety years ended in the year 34 A.D. To this add eighteen hundred and ten years, and we have the year 1844 A.D. Daniel had been shown the events which would mark this year. It was the investigative judgment, and the giving of the message of the first angel of Revelation 14 (Revelation 14:6-7). (SNH 151)
  • This message was given within the memory of many who are still living, and is known as the advent message. About twenty years before the expiration of the prophetic period of the two thousand three hundred days, the attention of some men were called to the study of the prophecies (2 Peter 1:20). Foremost among these students was William Miller, who became thoroughly convinced that the prophetic period of Daniel 8:14 would close in 1844. The expression "unto two thousand and three hundred days then shall the sanctuary be cleansed," was interpreted to mean that at the end of that stated period the earth would be destroyed by fire at the second coming of Christ (Jeremiah 15:16; Revelation 10:1-2). Consequently between 1833 and 1844 the personal coming of the Saviour was preached throughout the world (Revelation 14:6-7). Men were warned according to the wording of the first angel's message of Revelation 14, that the judgment was at hand, and thousands prepared to meet the Lord. (SNH 151-152)
  • When the year 1844 passed, and Christ did not appear (Revelation 10:9), many lost faith in the prophecies; but others, knowing that the word of God abideth sure, were led to search more diligently for the events which did take place at the close of the prophetic period. Further study corroborated the truth of the interpretation of the time, and revealed also the light on the sanctuary question. (SNH 152)
  • For the first time men saw that the "sanctuary" spoken of in Daniel's vision referred to the work in heaven rather than upon the earth. An investigation of the typical service instituted in the wilderness revealed the work of cleansing the sanctuary on the day of atonement. It was seen that that the work of the high priest in the earthly tabernacle was but a figure of the service upon which Christ, the great High Priest, entered in 1844. At that time He entered into the presence of the Ancient of Days, as seen in the vision of Daniel 7, and began the work of the investigative judgment in the heavenly sanctuary, at the end of which work He will appear in the clouds of heaven. William Miller and others who preached the second advent in 1844 were mistaken in the event, but not in the reckoning of the prophetic time of Daniel 8:14. (SNH 152-153)
  • The events which took place between 34 A.D. and 1844 A.D. are described in [Daniel 10 thru Daniel 11] which was given to Daniel four or five years later than the vision of Daniel 9. (Psalm 64:9).... Since Gabriel explained with such care and minuteness the history of the Jews (Daniel 9), and as a nation they were without excuse in the rejection of the Son of God, we may expect that this same angel of prophecy will set the waymarks high and clear (Romans 13:11-12), that men in the last days may know the time of Christ's appearing in judgment, and of His second coming in the clouds of heaven... Let us watch and be ready. (SNH 153)

"...be cleansed."

  • As an aid to determining what event in connection with the heavenly sanctuary is here referred to, it is helpful to examine the services of the earthly sanctuary, for the priests in the earthly sanctuary served "unto the example and shadow of heavenly things" (Hebrews 8:5). The services in the wilderness tabernacle and in the Temple consisted of two main divisions, the daily and the yearly. Christ's daily ministration as our high priest was typified in the daily services. The annual Day of Atonement typified a work that Christ would undertake at the close of the age. (Leviticus 16; GC 418-432). The prophecy of Daniel 8:14 announces the time for the beginning of this special work. The cleansing of the heavenly sanctuary comprehends the entire work of final judgment, beginning with the investigative phase and ending with the executive phase, which results in the permanent eradication of sin from the universe. (4BC 844-845)
  • A significant feature of the final judgment is the vindication of God's character before all the intelligences of the universe. The false charges that Satan has lodged against the government of God must be demonstrated as utterly groundless. God must be shown to have been entirely fair in the selection of certain individuals to make up His future kingdom, and in the barring of others from entrance there. The final acts of God will evoke from men the confessions, "Just and true are they ways" (Revelation 15:3), "Thou art righteous, O Lord" (Revelation 16:5), and, "True and righteous are thy judgments" (Revelation 16:7). Satan himself will be led to acknowledge God's justice (GC 670-671). (4BC 845)